spode china history

Copeland and sons, and again the term 'Spode' or 'Late Spode' continued in use alongside the name of Copeland. Sixteen other versions of Tumbledown Dick pattern were produced. Pattern number 3073 c.1821 "Spode Felspar Porcelain" is often stamped in underglaze on the bottoms of wares, both in simple typography and in copperplate lettering surrounded by a wreath of thistles and roses. Josiah Spode I died suddenly in 1797 and it fell to his son Josiah Spode II to continue and perfect his father’s developments. The source for this section is Hayden 1925, Chapter 5, pp. The dish illustrated is from the Caramanian series, taken from Luigi Mayer’s ‘Views in the Ottoman Empire’ published in 1803. Yet the effect is spectacular. 88–104. Change Delivery Country. Spode’s are applied on various ceramic bodies – earthenwares, stone-wares and Bone China. Green glazed earthenware pierced Violet Pot c.1820. Josiah Spode is known to have worked for Thomas Whieldon from the age of 16 until he was 21. This pattern, along with many others, is comprised only of a single coloured ground (here iron red) and gilding. Spode had the reputation of producing the best bone china in the world. The merged company entered administration on 6 November 2008. The business was carried on through his sons at Stoke until April 1833. The history and products of the Spode factory have inspired generations of historians and collectors, and a useful interactive online exhibition was launched in October 2010.[1]. [15] Many items in Spode's Blue Italian and Woodland ranges are now made at Portmeirion Group's factory in Stoke-on-Trent. Spode felspar porcelain. His early products comprised earthenwares such as creamware (a fine cream-coloured earthenware) and pearlware (a fine earthenware with a bluish glaze) as well as a range of stonewares including black basalt, caneware, and jasper which had been popularised by Josiah Wedgwood. But don’t worry, we’ll save your Portmeirion, Spode, Royal Worcester, and Pimpernel items for when you return. Light grey earthenware Hydra jug with applied sprig mouldings in blue c.1825. Spode pattern books, which record about 75000 patterns, survive from about 1800. Spode is a brand of china that was first made in the 1770s in Stoke-on-Trent, England. Josiah Spode I effectively finalised the formula, and appears to have been doing so between 1789 and 1793. About Spode. It remained an industrial secret for some time. Many items in Spode's Blue Italian and Woodland ranges are made at Portmeirion Group's factory in Stoke-on-Trent. There are more than 300 identifying marks, datemarks and backstamps on Copeland Spode pottery going back as far as 1770, according to Heirlooms Antiques Centre. With a history of serving royalty and even as the dinnerware for the Titanic, Spode is a renowned name that belongs in your china collection! The purchase did not include Royal Worcester or Spode manufacturing facilities. Bone china Claw footed "beakers” in two sizes, in Pattern number 2575, c.1815-17. They also produced other kinds of bone china, earthenware, parian, etc. In 1785, Spode began producing its line of blue-on-pearl china , which was to become its first success thanks to the skill of designer Thomas Minton in the early 1790s. His basic formula of six parts bone ash, four parts china stone, and three and a half parts china clay remains the standard English body. Spode’s Rhododendron pattern created in 1948. The partnership continued in this form until 1847. The processes for underglaze and overglaze decoration were very different. Soapstone porcelains further added steatite, known as French chalk, for instance at Worcester and Caughley factories.[5]. You are about to leave Spode.com to shop with .This will start a new shopping cart. Today, Spode is owned by Portmeirion Group, a pottery and homewares company based in Stoke-on-Trent. The technique was developed by adding calcined bone to this glassy frit, for example in the productions of Bow porcelain and Chelsea porcelain, and this was carried on from at least the 1750s onwards. Start of the Spode business to 1833: the company was known as Spode. The bone porcelains, especially those of Spode, Minton, Davenport and Coalport, eventually established the standards for soft-paste porcelain which were later (after 1800) maintained widely. Spode was founded by Josiah Spode (1733–1797) in 1770, and was responsible for perfecting two extremely important techniques that were crucial to the worldwide success of the English pottery industry in the century to follow. Today, we continue to develop collections with the same quality and craftsmanship as Josiah Spode I and his son. 1799 is the most likely date but it could perhaps be even a little earlier from circumstantial evidence. [6], Among the many surviving Spode documents are two shape books dated to about 1820 which contain thumbnail sketches of bone china objects with instructions to throwers and turners about size requirements. Pieces were not always marked and sometimes just a pattern number appears and no Spode name at all. Indeed, it was Spode II who introduced the Blue Italian range. Bone china, hybrid hard-paste porcelain containing bone ash. Explore the collection including holiday-perfect pieces for Thanksgiving, Christmas, Hanukah and more, many on sale now. WHAT IS SPODE? Creamware Devonia shape dish in Pattern number 136 c.1800. They were known for their bone china and their parian figures. Vast quantities of inexpensive blue-printed earthenware were made in designs often derived from Chinese originals, such as the Willow Pattern, introduced by Spode in 1790 and which became the best-known pattern in the world When Spode employed the skilled engraver Thomas Lucas and printer James Richard, both of the Caughley factory, in 1783 he was able to introduce high quality blue printed earthenware to the market. From around 1805, Spode introduced new techniques in ground-laying, resulting in an outburst of finely executed colour on ceramics, which ushered in Regency, as opposed to Georgian, style. The importance of his innovations has been disputed, being played down by Professor Sir Arthur Church in his English Porcelain, estimated practically by William Burton, and being very highly esteemed by Spode's contemporary Alexandre Brongniart, director of the Sèvres manufactory, in his Traité des Arts Céramiques, and by M. L. Solon hailed as a revolutionary improvement. The Spode Christmas Tree pattern remains one of the most popular collectibles in the Spode line and in the history of the ceramics. A spectacular effect is achieved with just two ground-laid colours (iron red and cobalt blue) and gilding. Pattern number 3073 c.1821. Pieces date between 1790 and 1827 and may have a number beneath the stamp. 20% OFF SITEWIDE WINTER SALE NOW ON* FREE Standard … [10] Armorial services were provided for the Honourable East India Company, 1823, and the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths, c1824. Also shown on this page are a small selection of typical Spode wares made during this period, demonstrating how designs and shapes evolved from the highly restrained Georgian styles through the more ebullient decorative forms of the Regency period. Feel free to call Elegant Findings Antiques if you have any questions about our antique Spode china. Others have tried to replicate its popularity but the quality and the stunning detail of the decoration on each plate remains unmatched to this day. The pattern number, 671, dates from around 1803-5, indicating that the piece was decorated some years after its manufacture. Overglaze "bat printing" on earthenware was a fairly straightforward process, and designs in a range of colours including black, red and lilac were produced. Spode china and dinnerware will help you set the table with impeccable style. Gift boxed. (. This particular design is unusual in that an English flower subject is set within an Imari border. He perfected the technique for transfer printing in underglaze blue on fine earthenware in 1783–1784 – a development that led to the launch in 1816 of Spode's Blue Italian range, which has remained in production ever since. The trade name Felspar Porcelain was used in order to compete with Coalport, who were successfully branding their wares as Felspar Porcelain. Founded by Josiah Spode in Stoke-on-Trent, England. FREE shipping with $99 purchase* Bow-handled bucket in Bone China, decorated with pattern number 878, c.1806. Josiah Spode is known to have worked for Thomas Whieldon from the age of 16 until he was 21. These marks are divided into four main categories, including early Spode from 1770 to 1833, Copeland & Garrett from 1833 to 1847, WT Copeland from 1847 to 1970 and Spode from 1970 to 2014. It had pattern number 2061 and was produced on Stone China which imitated the look and feel of Chinese … In particular these are called 'Late Spode' and include productions of the so-called 'Felspar porcelain'. Spode teawares bat printed in black on drabware, a form of coloured earthenware. Enjoy the variety of ceramics produced by the Spode factory and see the quality of productions that won them appointments as Potters to the Royal Family. Spode is an English brand of pottery and homewares produced by the company of the same name, which is based in Stoke-on-Trent, England. The pattern books show 5,000 different “standard” patterns were produced during this period, but many more special order patterns were also made. The company was eventually bought by the Copeland family, then in 2009 it was acquired by the Portmeirion Group. A very early Low Scent Jar made pre 1800 in an early experimental Bone China body. His early products comprised earthenwares such as creamware (a fine cream-coloured earthenware) and pearlware(a fine earthenware with a bluish glaze) as well as a range of stonewares inc… Hand painted and finely gilded in an understated Georgian style and emphasizing the whiteness of the Bone China body, at the time superior to that of any English competitor. His son, Josiah Spode II, was certainly responsible for the successful marketing of English bone china. Spode’s Bone China glazes were particularly good in the way they accepted gilding. In Spode's similar "Felspar porcelain", introduced on the market in 1821, felspar was an ingredient, substituted for the Cornish stone in his standard bone china body, giving rise to his slightly misleading name "Felspar porcelain,"[8] to what is in fact an extremely refined stoneware comparable to the rival "Mason's ironstone", produced by Josiah II's nephew, Charles James Mason, and patented in 1813[9] Spode's "Felspar porcelain" continued into the Copeland & Garrett phase of the company (1833–1847). As the understanding of the work of the early potters depends in part on the study of actual specimens, the loss was both aesthetic and scientific. From afternoon tea and lunch to elegant dinner parties, discover iconic tableware collections at Spode. He focused his attention on the manufacture of porcelain, a technically more difficult but much finer material than he had previously made, introducing in 1796 a new type of porcelain which he first called “Stoke China” but shortly afterwards renamed “Bone China”, because of the high proportion of calcined ox-bone in its formula. This plate in Pattern number 1495, c.1810, is typical. Spode II was appointed “Potter to the Prince of Wales” when the Prince Regent visited the factory in 1806. "Porcelain maker Royal Worcester & Spode goes bust", Selected Royal Warrant holders of the British Royal Family, Our Lady of the Angels and St Peter in Chains Church, Greatest Hits Radio Staffordshire & Cheshire, City of Stoke-on-Trent Sixth Form College, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spode&oldid=991559655, Privately held companies of the United Kingdom, Manufacturing companies established in 1767, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 18:17. An early heart-shaped in dish in Bone China decorated with Pattern number 319 c.1803. His son, Josiah Spode II shown on the cobalt blue ) and.. In Spode 's blue Italian range popular imitation of `` Imari '',! Until April 1833 technique unknown in china continue to develop collections with the Spode family worked in in! 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