rappahannock river civil war

Donate today to preserve battlefields in America and protect the legacy of our nation’s defining conflicts. The Rappahannock River is a river in eastern Virginia, in the United States, approximately 195 miles (314 km) in length. The Civil War Trust owns a beautiful piece of land on a knoll overlooking the railroad and vehicular bridges that traverse the rapid, curving waters of the Rappahannock River. Relief shown by hachures. Some historians believe the Rappahannock served as a possible boundary between the North and the South during the Civil War. 1998 view of Fredericksburg, across the Rappahannock river. Here the vital Orange & Alexandria railroad (to your left) crossed the Rappahannock River just behind the low hills you are facing, near a … Some historians believe the Rappahannock may have served as a possible boundary between the North and the South during the Civil War. from: Harper's weekly, 1863. It figured prominently in the two battles of Rappahannock Station, as Remington was then named, fought on either side of the river in 1862 and 1863. At Rappahannock Station, Sedgwick’s men skirmished with Maj. Gen. Jubal Early’s Confederates before launching a brutal nighttime bayonet attack. The river … "No. Defeated, Lee retreated into Orange County south of the Rapidan River while the Army of the Potomac occupied the vicinity of Brandy Station and Culpeper County. Description derived from published bibliography. 57" is written in ink in the upper right corner. The Culpeper Crossing parcel retains Civil War trenches and fighting holes as well as a Colonial roadbed. Once on shore, the Federals charged Barksdale's marksmen who, despite orders to fall back, fiercely contested each block in a rare example of street fighting during the Civil War. ), 619.5 "Note: This map is distributed in duplicate in order that one copy may be returned with any reliable additions and corrections that may be made upon it. Every purchase supports the mission. It is indeed a truism that this modest waterway achieved a strategic and tactical prominence in the Civil War exceeding any river, including the Potomac or the Mississippi. (8/1/1866 - 9/18/1947) (Most Recent) From: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, 1921 - 1940 Record Group 111: Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 1860 - 1985 Focuses on a small portion of the Rappahannock River close to the line dividing Culpeper and Fauquier counties, Va., and about 8 miles (as indentified by Sneden) from Brandy Station where the Battle of Kelly's Ford occurred on 7 November 1863. A single pontoon bridge at Rappahannock Station was the only connection between Lee's army and the northern bank of the river. The Rappahannock River During the Civil War . Maps, Sources, Narrative and more, by John Salmon October 2013 (ABPP Grant # GA-2255-11-0042013). Civil War in Rappahannock County, Virginia While there were no large-scale military actions in Rappahannock County, several dozen skirmishes and many troop movements occurred here. 1861 - ca. Help save a crucial 22-acre tract on the battlefield where 14 African American soldiers earned the highest military honor in the land. Scale 1:63,360. "The dotted parts of the river give points of reference to the original map." Civil War salted paper maps. The Civil War Trust (a division of the American Battlefield Trust) and its partners have acquired and preserved 856 acres (3.46 km ) of the battlefield. 1865 Record Group 165: Records of the War Department General and Special Staffs, 1860 - 1952 Divisions of the American Battlefield Trust: The American Battlefield Trust is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. the upper rappahannock river mapping project: the civil war in culpeper and fauquier counties 1862–1864. j o h n s. s a l m o n For many months it was the border between Union and Confederate controlled territory. Pen-and-ink (black/red) and watercolor (blue). Please consider making a gift today to help raise the $170,000 we need to preserve this piece of American history forever. The dam at one time provided water to a Virginia Electric Power Company po… By Kathy Walker, February 28, 2009. On August 23, Stuart's cavalry made a daring raid on Pope's headquarters at Catlett Station, showing that the Union right flank was vulnerable to a turning movement. Since … Battles of Cedar Mountain - 1862, Fredericksburg - 1862, and Kelly's Ford - 1863. Endorsed in ink handwriting on verso on 2 panels: Map of the Rappahannock from Port Royal to Kelly's Ford, showing the crossings of Gen.... Vernam, John S. - Benham, Henry Washington - Woodbury, Daniel P. (Daniel Phineas) - United States Coast Survey - United States. HALL COLLECTION This March 1864 scene of Culpeper County’s war-ravaged landscape includes a Union regimental camp on a rise, an Orange & Alexandria Railroad turntable at right, and Pony Mountain on the horizon. Map size: 20 inches x 24 inches | Ready to frame in standard size frame | Frame not included | Archival quality reproduction Civil War map (2nd ed. Sun print. War Department. Also covers Fredericksburg city region. The Battle of Fredericksburg and the Battle at Rappahannock Station both took place along the river in 1862. It is certain that it was the site of early settlements in the Virginia Colony and was later a volatile battle theater during the Civil War. The Federals overran Early’s bridgehead taking more than 1,600 prisoners. Date Created Published: published 1863 Notes: Illus. Engrs., U.S.A. ... Plan of the Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. : fought 7th November 1863. The New York native first fought in a Confederate regiment, switched teams across the Rappahannock, and was separately wounded and captured while serving in both armies. United States. F. Lathrop, assistants." Geography and Map Reading Room, Guide to the Collections. AL-14. Seventeen British boats filled with hundreds of marines and sailors captured four American privateers. The Battle of Fredericksburg and the Battle at Rappahannock Station both took place along the river, in 1862. Oswell, H.H. R.S. "The dotted parts of the river give points of reference to the original map." Seventeen British boats filled with hundreds of marines and sailors captured four American privateers. Army of the Potomac. Description derived from published bibliography. Fraternizing at the Ford Marker. Scale ca. Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Military personnel- … “[We] arrived about 3 o’clock on the morning of the 11th of December, unloaded the bridge material, and proceeded to lay the bridge. To further explore the river’s role in Civil War history, the FOR organizes events such as the Civil War Paddle, a canoe trip that navigates an 8-mile stretch of the Rappahannock from Germanna to Ely’s Ford. Focuses on a small portion of the Rappahannock River close to the line dividing Culpeper and Fauquier counties, Va., and about 8 miles (as indentified by Sneden) from Brandy Station where the Battle of Kelly's Ford occurred on 7 November 1863. Part of the north bank of the Rappahannock River showing the approaches to Fredericksburg : prepared under the direction of Capt. CLARK B. As Lee anticipated, Meade divided his forces, ordering Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick to the bridgehead and positioning Maj. Gen. William H. French five miles downstream to engage a Confederate line near Kelly’s Ford. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! The Battle of Morton’s Ford, though it was really more of a large skirmish, was the brainchild of... Save History with Your Year-End Gift Today, Preserve 108 Acres of the Most Important Unprotected Battlefield Land, Save 40 Acres of the American Revolution Southern Theater, Kentuckians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Virginians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, The Battle of Rappahannock Station - November 7, 1863, Battle of Rappahannock Station - August 22-25, 1862. Battle Detail ... August 20-21, Pope withdrew to the line of the Rappahannock River. ), Map of the Rappahannock River from Falmouth to Richard's Ferry. He stated to me that several times the Federal gunboats came up the Rappahannock River and shelled the town, not causing much damage. Donations to the Trust are tax deductible to the full extent allowable under the law. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed. Help preserve American history forever with your tax-deductible year-end gift today! 1789-9/18/1947 (Most Recent) From: Series: "Photographic Sketch Book of the Civil War," by Alexander Gardner, ca. Engineer Brigade. "The dotted parts of the river give points of reference to the original map." Office of the Chief Signal Officer. Few Civil War soldiers have a story quite like States B. Flandreau. The hamlet of Mill View, present-day Remington, became known as Rappahannock Station to the Civil War armies which campaigned in this area. It traverses the entire northern part of the state, from the Blue Ridge Mountains in the west where it rises, across the Piedmont to the Fall Line, and onward through the coastal plain to flow into the Chesapeake Bay, south of the Potomac River. A single pontoon bridge at Rappahannock Station was the only connection between Lee's army and the northern bank of the river. ), 619.4 Map of the Rappahannock River from Falmouth to Richard's Ferry. Click to donate now. Union Gen. John Pope and his Army of Virginia brought “total” war to Rappahannock County in July and August 1862, two years before Gen. William Sherman’s more destructive “March to the Sea.” This Union policy was designed to inflict intense pain on civilians who supported the Southern cause, From the Central Rappahannock Regional Library The Civil War on the River Lines of Virginia, 1862-1864 "Trask argues that the bloody engagements on the river lines were the most important battles of the Civil War in the East, far surpassing even the dramatic contests at Antietam and Gettysburg in significance. "Photographic reduction by L.E. The U.S. 29 bridge spans the Rappahannock River between Culpeper and Fauquier counties near a 200-acre parcel of Civil War battlefield recently acquired by the American Battlefield Trust. Later in November, before the winter weather ended military campaign season, Meade would attempt one more offensive against Lee at Mine Run. RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER, VA. General map showing roads, houses, names of residents, and woodland. The Battle of Rappahannock River was fought on the river during the War of 1812. It is located along the Rappahannock River at Remington, Va., and features visible earthworks as well as bridge and mill ruins. Relief shown by hachures. 619.5. Shoemacker, L.C. Description derived from published bibliography. 34" is written in ink below the map title. The river’s name is of Algonquian origin, from a word meaning “quick rising waters.” Photograph size: 8x12 inches | Ready to frame in any standard size frame | Frame Not Included | Archival Quality Reproduction | Photograph Description: Meeting of Union and Rebel pickets in the Rappahannock sketched by Mr. Oertel. 1:63,360. 619.5. A Union infantryman stands picket near Kelly’s Ford on the Rappahannock River in January 1864. Walker, Treasury Department." The map which this supplements and corrects is listed as entry no. Union major general Ambrose E. Burnside began assembling his troops to take the Confederate capital of Richmond by way of Fredericksburg in November. Shows "Lines of Gen. Hooker" at Chancellorsville, "Battle field of Gen. Sedgwick" at Salem Church, military bridges, towns, farmsteads with residents' names, wooded areas, and streams. "No. Office of Surveys & Maps for the Army of the Potomac, 78 Winder's Building, Washington, D.C." "No. The Rappahannock River served as a barrier separating the Union and Confederate Armies during the winter of 1862-63. Used with permission. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed. Confederate positions are noted as well as the placement of the 3rd, 5th, and 6th corps of the Union Army of the Potomac. Certainly it was the site of early settlements in the Virginia Colony and of some major battles during the Civil War. The Majority of our funds go directly to Preservation and Education. John Sapanara, president of the Rappahannock Valley Civil War Round Table, recently announced the group’s presentation schedule for 2021. ), 619.4 Map of the Rappahannock River from Falmouth to Richard's Ferry. 213 Federal battery fording a tributary of the Rappahannock River on the day of the Cedar Mountain battle. Confederate batteries posted on hills south of the river gave additional strength to the position. Civil War Trust Map of November 7, 1863; Upper Rappahannock River Mapping Project: The Civil War in Culpeper and Fauquier Counties 1862-1864. Created / Published: S.l., 1863. The bridge was protected by a bridgehead on the north bank consisting of redoubts and trenches. Federal Identification Number (EIN): 54-1426643. Engineer Brigade, Map of a part of the Rappanhannock River above Fredericksburg and the Rapid Ann River & the adjacent country, Additions & corrections for the "Map of a part of the Rappahannock above Fredericksburg", Map of the Rappahannock River fron [sic] Port Royal to Richards Ferry. National Park Service historian Greg Mertz serves as the guide. ''At the time of the Civil War, he lived in the village. The Battle of Rappahannock River was fought on the river during the War of 1812. Show your pride in battlefield preservation by shopping in our store. A number of American Civil War battles took place along the Rappahannock, and it is otherwise historically important for its evidence of early Native American (Algonquian) and colonial settlements, mill sites, and navigation canals and locks. Please make a tax-deductible gift today to help us preserve American history forever. "Authorities: U.S. Coast Survey chart of the Rappahannock River [and] surveys and reconnoissances [sic] by C. A. Mallory, Chas. The bridge was protected by a bridgehead on the north bank consisting of redoubts and trenches. Four months after the December 1862 Confederate victory at Fredericksburg, Virginia, exhausted and tightly packed Union soldiers are entrenched on the Rappahannock River, just northeast of the town. During the American Civil War, the river, with few convenient fords and fewer bridges, provided a barrier and defensive line. Confederate batteries posted on hills south of … 1. Army of the Potomac. Pressured by Washington to make another attack on General Robert E. Lee’s army in northern Virginia, and perhaps enjoying the success of his partial victory over Lee at Bristoe Station three weeks earlier, Maj. Gen. George G. Meade ordered an assault against Lee’s infantry along the Rappahannock River on November 7th, 1863. Embrey Dam was constructed in 1910, replacing a crib dam dating back to 1853. Crossing Over the Rappahannock River Two Union officers discover bridging the Rappahannock River at Fredericksburg is even more difficult while dodging bullets. After dusk the brave Mississippians finally withdrew to their main line, the bridge builders completed their work, and the Army of the Potomac entered Fredericksburg. 34" is written in ink below the map title. War Department. Inscription. As a gateway to the northern Shenandoah Valley, The Civil War × Contact Us. Battlefields along the Rappahannock The Rappahannock River rises in Virginia’s Piedmont near the town of Culpeper and flows generally southeast until emptying into Chesapeake Bay. To counter this move, Lee shifted a force under Maj. Gen. Robert Rodes to Kelly’s Ford, where they were overwhelmed by French. The map which this supplements and corrects is listed as entry no. Williamson & 1st Lt. Nicolas Bowen, Corps Topogl. 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